File: webeq-in.html

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<title>Math on the Web Example</title>
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Use the method of separation of variables to show that the
1-D heat conduction problem: find $u = u(x,t)$ so that
$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}(x,t) - \alpha \frac{{\partial}^2 u}{\partial x^2}(x,t) = 0,\thicksp 0 < x < l,\thicksp t \geq 0$
$u(0,t) = 0,\thicksp t \geq 0$
$u(l,t) = 0,\thicksp t \geq 0$
$u(x,0) = f(x),\thicksp 0 \leq x \leq l$
has the solution
$u(x,t) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} c_n \sin \frac{n \pi x}{l} \exp \left[ -\alpha \left( \frac{n \pi}{l} \right)^2 t \right]$
where
$c_n = \frac{2}{l} \int_0^l f(x) \sin \frac{n \pi x}{l} dx.$
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